Common Commercial Pests

Rats/Mice

Rodents need to gnaw constantly as their teeth grow at a highly paced rate throughout their lives. This can lead to damage to pipe work, electrical cables and actual buildings, causing fires, floods and expensive repair bills.
Rodents carry an alarming amount of diseases such as tuberculosis, salmonella, gastro- enteritis, rat bite fever, leptospirosis and numerous others, all of which have serious health implications. Their droppings and fur will also contaminate food preparation surfaces and foodstuffs. Rodents are incontinent and consequently foul wherever they travel.
With many insurance companies no longer insuring against rodent damage, it is important that this pest is excluded from premises with the latest rodent control techniques before they cause damage.

Bed Bugs

Bed Bug populations seem to be generally on the rise, and in some cities have reached epidemic proportions. Bed Bugs have been found infesting homes, hotels, student accommodation and even public transport, and the number of reported cases is increasing exponentially. It has reached the point where some city councils have been forced to draft legislation to help deal with the problem that is now affecting hundreds of thousands of people. Bed Bugs are small, nocturnal insects that live by feeding on the blood of warm-blooded animals - with a strong preference for people. Bed Bugs are wingless in all stages of development, almost social animals, that like to be in contact with each other when resting, and prefer living in tight spaces such as cracks. Adult Bed Bugs are about four millimeters long, flattened "top-to-bottom" (an advantage when living in cracks), and usually dark brown in color due to the blood meal contents of their gut. Nymphs are considerably smaller, to the point of being difficult to identify with the naked eye.

Bed Bugs consume a considerable amount of blood at each feed (proportionate to their size), and swell during feeding. This size increase would prevent the Bed Bug from returning to their preferred resting cracks, so they excrete the excess water from their meal, retaining only the nutrients and solids. This excreta causes black sticky marks to be left by feeding Bed Bugs near their daytime resting area. Surprisingly bite marks are often the first signs that Bed Bugs are even present. To avoid retaliation from the host, Bed Bugs inject an anesthetic through their mouth parts before starting to feed, so the host is usually unaware of any feeding activity. This, and their very secretive behavior, can allow Bed Bug populations to develop into significant numbers before treatment is even considered. Bed Bugs can survive for long periods without feeding - over a year under some circumstances. Feeding by Bed Bugs may also be seasonal in unheated premises, as they enter a type of hibernation if the temperature drops below 13 degrees Celsius for any extended time.

Stored Product Insect

Stored product insects is a general term given to any insect capable of infesting the raw materials used in food and feed manufacture. They generally live, feed and breed within the commodity but some stages of their life cycles may migrate away from the stored product where cross infestation of other stored materials or finished products may occur or, if hygiene standards are poor, the insects may become established in the building fabric or inside production machinery.

When infestations become heavy, insects can readily be seen crawling on the surface of a stored commodity or flying in the storage area. Heavy infestations of stored product insect pests can result in severe financial losses, influence the quality of the products produced and affect the efficiency of production operations.

Flies

Food is the main reason that flies (such as house files, fruit flies & blow flies) are attracted into different properties such as pubs, resteraunts and food factories. This is because it is a perfect environment for fly larvae to grow. Flies are potential carriers of a wide range of diseases such as dysentery, gastroenteritis and E.coli. Diseases are spread via their feet as they move from decaying matter to food and other surfaces. Fly control is an important part of pest control for all businesses.

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